Cancer

Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC)

Description

Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer.  It occurs when the basal cells in the skins grow unusual and out of control.  Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun is the most frequent reason of Basal Cell Carcinoma.

There are various types of Basal cell carcinomas and it has many different appearances.  It rarely spreads to other areas of our bodies. This kind of cancer needs to be treated and has a high cure rate.  If not treated, it can become quite large, cause problem, and in rare cases, spread to other areas of our bodies and causes death. It may appear as a skin swelling or develop that looks pearly, waxy, white, light pink, and skin shaded, brownish or even toned.

 

Causes and symptoms:

Below are the signs and symptoms of BCC.

  • A skin painful that may bleed easily
  • A sore that does not cure properly
  • Sore sometime patch crusts or oozing spots
  • Sore just like a scratch without harming area.
  • Irregular blood vessel around the spot

Long term exposure or short term intense exposure of UV might cause damage to the skin cells which in result make them cancerous. Generally BCC is caused to the skin areas that are in direct contact of the UV like, face, neck, ears, arms etc.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of Basal cell carcinoma is always by a biopsy. This is usually done in the doctor’s workplace, with any anaesthetic. In a biopsy, all or part of the spot or development is removed, and the tissue sample is sent to a lab, where a pathologist tested it. If cancer is discovered, your doctor will talk about the different option and recommendations for treatment regarding Basal Cell Cancer.

Treatment

Below are the treatment procedures followed for basal cell carcinoma:

Surgical removal:  In this procedure, a doctor reduces the cancer effected tissue and an around edge of healthy skin. In some cases, you may have a wide removal that includes eliminating additional normal around the skin cancer. A surgery may be an option if you have a large basal cell carcinoma. To reduce scarring damage, especially on your face, seek advice from a physician experienced in skin renovation.

Curettage and desiccation: This process involves scraping the growth of the cancer away and using electricity to destroy cancer tissue using a spoon shaped tool

Cryosurgery: Cryosurgery freezes and destroys the cancer tissues through fluid nitrogen.

Radiation therapy: This therapy uses X-rays to get rid of your cancer tissues. It's done over a few several weeks.

Micrography surgery:  This is a technique, doctor removes your growth layer by layer. He takes out some cells, and then looks at it under a microscopic lens to see if it has affected cells, before moving on to the next part.

Complications

The patients have some complications by the methods of treatment, which are:

  • Impacted wound recovery (particularly in those with diabetic issues, older people, sideline general illness, smokers)
  • Bleeding
  • Infections
  • Surgical marks
  • Operative or aesthetic male organ deformation (in some conditions skin grafts/flaps

maybe expected to protect the medical defect)

Post -operative care:

  • After complete treatment Doctor may recommend some skin cream, you should put on your skin.
  • You should examine your skin once in a month.
  • Avoid the sun when its radiation is the strongest.
  • The patient should avoid sun tanning and never use UV sun tanning beds.
  • Have regular visits to dermatologist if some abnormal behaviour is seen.
  • Avoid alcohol and smoking during the recovery phase.
  • Have balanced diet.