Cancer

Bile Duct Cancer (BDC)

Description

Bile Duct Cancer is a form of cancer that created of mutated epithelial tissues (tissues showing features of epithelial differentiation) that develop in the bile duct which drain bile from the liver into the small intestine.

There are three common places where this type of cancer may occur within the bile system:

  • intrahepatic bile duct placed within the liver.
  • Perihelia placed at the level of the liver organ where the bile duct exits.
  • Distal extra hepatic near the place the bile duct get into the intestine.

Causes & symptoms

Below are the Signs & Symptoms of BDC

  • Jaundice
  • Fever
  • Pain in abdomen
  • Itchy skin
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue

The general causes of bile duct cancer are diabetic, thyroid problems, being overweight; food allergic reactions, age and ethnic background can also impact your chances for bile duct cancer.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis BDC is always by some test. The following tests are: Ultrasound, CT scan, Spiral CT scan, MRI scan, ERCP, PTC, Angiogram, Biopsy, Laparotomy. If the cancer is discovered the doctor recommended the treatment, according to cancer disease.

Treatment Procedure

The treatment method is decided depending on the stage of the cancer and overall medical condition of the patient. Below are the treatment procedure followed for Bile Duct Cancer:

Surgery

The primary treatment for bile duct cancer is surgery to get rid of the cancer. But this may be the primary treatment and it isn't possible for all time. This kind of operation that may be done depends upon on the range of the cancer.

Stent placement and surgical bypass

There are some situations when the surgery treatment cannot completely get rid of the cancer cells. In this condition, the doctor may be able to bypass the blocked area by linking a part of the bile duct situated with an integral section of the small intestine situated beyond the blockage. During this procedure, place a plastic, called a stent, into the bile duct to keep it open.

Radiotherapy

Radiotherapy treats cancer by using high-energy radiation to get rid of cancer cells. It can be also used for treatment or to control the symptoms and pain of advanced disease.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is the use of anti-cancer medicine to get rid of cancer. It works by disrupting the growth of cancer tissues. Chemotherapy may sometimes be used after surgery, if all the cancer could not be eliminated by the operation.

Chemo radiation

Sometimes radiation therapy and radiotherapy are given together, this is known as chemo radiation. It may be used after an operation to get rid of bile duct cancer or if the cancer can't be eliminated by an operation.

Photodynamic therapy

PDT uses a mixture of laser device mild and a light-sensitive medication to get rid of cancer cells. In bile duct cancer, it is used to help decrease signs.

Complications

The BDC patient may suffer from some complications after treatment.

  • Bruising
  • Pain
  • Bleeding - your nursing staff will examine you regularly
  • Infection
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Upset stomach
  • Loss of appetite

 

 

Postoperative care

  • The wound should keep clean and put a new dressing on.
  • The patient should drink water at regular intervals to balance the liquid level.
  • He/she should start physiotherapy gradually.

 

  • The doctors recommend blood and imaging tests about every six months or the first few years after treatment.

 

  • Avoid any vigorous activities and tobacco consumption.