Breast Cancer Treatment
Breast cancer is one of the common type of cancer found in women along with skin and lung cancer, which are the main causes of death. This type of cancer can be found in male and female either young and old, originated usually in ductal carcinoma (milk ducts). Normally, the breasts have milk producing glands connected to the surface of the skin, which are supported by tissue made of fibrous and fat material. However, in the case of breast cancer, the abnormal tissues are made inside patient’s cells, which multiplies uncontrollably and spread to other parts of the body causing metastatic.
Breast cancer in women forms slowly and incarcerate lump that spread through other channels such as lymph nodes or any other organs.
What causes breast cancer?
Even though the precise reason for causing breast cancer is unclear, some of the most significant factors include advancing age and family history with similar diseases. Researchers have found out women carrying BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are more likely to develop the cancer. However, the chances of having those genes are one in 200. Generally, women over 50 with lump breast has higher chances of becoming the victim of breast cancer. Other factors include excessive exposure to estrogen and progesterone, abnormalities in menstrual cycles, using of birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy can increase the risk. Obesity, drinking and unhygienic diet may also contribute to the cause.
Treatment of Breast Cancer
The first step of treating breast cancer in women is detecting what type of breast cancer it actually is by testing the tissues in the cell known as mammography. Self exam can also help you in detection as you may notice changes in your breast such as thickening and lumps. After you know its type, you can decide on the treatment. Breast cancer treatment can be done in many different ways, depending on its type and severity. Surgery and radiation therapy are common in diagnosis in the first stage. Chemotherapy, targeted therapy and hormone therapy are most common systematic therapies to be used.
Surgeries are also performed by a breast surgeon to manually remove the tumor from the breast along with the surrounding tissues. Mastectomy, where the whole breast is removed, lumpectomy, where a little part is removed and quadrantectomy in which a quarter of the breast is removed are the surgeries that helps treating breast cancer in male and women. Additional drugs and therapies may be utilized after surgery.
There are many side effects that follow after the surgery and therapy. These are
- Loss of appetite
- Infection and hair loss
- Weight gain
- Early menopause
- Mouth soreness
- Hair loss
These complications do occur after the treatment, but with little exercise and following the doctors’ advice can help you reduce these aftereffects and help you live a normal life.
Post operative care
You will need to learn how to handle fatigue as therapies and drugs can make you feel lack of energy. Organize your work, plan ahead and involve in outdoor activities to reduce fatigue.
Having a nutritional diet during the cancer treatment is extremely necessary.
Do regular workout to control your weakness.
Intercourse with new breast may seem different and not usual, so talk to your better half about it. Vaginal dryness is another cause of breast cancer, which can ruin your mood. Give yourself time before getting into action.
Wear inner clothes as advised by your physician. Avoid wearing too tight and too loose bras.