Cancer

Glioblastoma

Description

Glioblastomas normally contain a mix of cell types. It is not uncommon for these tumors to comprise of deposits of calcium and blood vessels.

 Glioblastomas are generally highly malignant—a large number of tumor cells are replicating at any given time, and they are nurtured by an ample blood supply. Dead cells may also be seen, particularlynearthemiddle of the tumor. Since these tumors come from normal brain cells, it is easy for them to enter and live within the normal brain tissue. Nonetheless, glioblastoma seldom spreads to other parts in the body.

There are two kinds of glioblastomas. They are

Primary glioblastomas:These tumors have a tendency to form and make their existence recognized speedily. This is the most common form of glioblastoma and it is the most violent kind as well.

Secondary glioblastomas: These tumors have a longer, somewhat slower growth history, but are yet veryviolent. They may start as lower-grade tumors which ultimatelyreach higher grade. They have a tendency tobe found in people of age 45 and younger, and signify about 10% of glioblastomas.

Symptoms

As glioblastomas can develop quickly, the most common symptoms are generally produced by increased pressure in the brain. These symptoms can contain headache, nausea, vomiting, and drowsiness. On the   basis of the position of the tumor, patients can develop a variety of other symptoms like weakness on one side of the body, memory loss and difficulties in speech and visual changes.

Procedure

There are three clinical procedures that may be implemented in patients with glioblastoma.  They are surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.  There is a huge variation in the amount of tumor that can be carefully removed from the brain of a patient. The inconsistency is based primarily on the position of the tumor. For example, tumors in some brain areas can be taken out with very little risk, while in new brain parts surgery is too unsafe to anticipate.

The second step which is the significant part of treating glioblastoma is radiation therapy.In normal situations, patients start radiation treatments within 2 to 4 weeks after tumor eradication. The third step in treating glioblastoma is chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is helpful in regulating the development of high-grade gliomas.  There are different types of chemotherapy drugsthat are accessible.

Treatment Complications

High-quality glioma cells almost always begin todevelop again at some point in time. The patients will get destructive treatment so that it postpones this regrowth as stretched as possible. Regrowth meansthat a new chain of treatments must be considered since the tumor is becoming more aggressive. When a tumor is situated in a sensitive area of the brain, a biopsy is implemented with a small needle, thus avoiding more damage to brain function.As the treatment improves, hair loss will take place over the area where the radiation beam passes into the tumor. Many patients will face some fatigue by the second or third week.

Post Operative Care

After the treatment is over, once the suggested treatments are finished, there is an observation period. During the observation phase visits to the Neuro-oncologist take place every 2 to 4 months. During these visits there is an assessment of symptoms, medications, physical condition, and generally a surveillance MRI or CT is accomplished.Most of the patients get well very fast after surgery on their brain tumor. Some patients go directly home, whereas on the other hand others profit froman inpatient stay in a rehabilitation hospital.