Cancer

Meningiomas

Description

Brain diseases can be considered as one of the worst human diseases, due to its capability to reduce intellectual abilities. A Meningioma is a kind of tumor that crop up on membranes inside the head, which basically secure the brain and spinal cord. Particularly, it occurs in the different 3 layers of these membranes, which basically known as meninges. Tumors, generally takes much time to reach at a fatal point, especially when it remains unnoticed, but immediate treatment can prevent its growth. Specifically, meningiomas happens inside the head, but it can reach to other parts of the spinal cord. Women are generally becomes the victim of Meningiomas, almost twice than comparing to men. It happens in between the age group of 30 to 70 and could be rarely found in children.

Causes

People aren’t well informed about the causes and origin of this disease. However, it does includes two identified risk factors.

  1. Neurofibromatosis type 2, a kind of genetic disorder.
  2. Exposure to radiation.

Past wounds and injuries can also be considered as a possible risk factor, but a current experiment, failed to provide any solid evidence to clarify it. Skull fractures are too risky during the treatment procedures, if it remains unnoticed and causes additional side-effects.

Meningiomas Symptoms

Due to its extremely slow growing speed, symptoms also require lots of time to get detected, especially when it reaches the stage of treatment.

  1. Headaches
  2. Seizures
  3. Blurred vision
  4. Weakness in arms or legs
  5. Numbness
  6. Speech problem

Diagnosis of Meningiomas

Alike other diseases, Symptoms of Meningiomas indicates its existence in the brain, so it hardly requires any diagnostic procedures to identify the disease. But still, when the symptomssignify the chances of tumor, a doctor immediately consults for MRI or CT brain scan to tracethe spot of meningiomas inside the brain and how big it is?

Sometimes, Doctor prefers to take sample of diseased tissue to discover the magnitude of the tumor or to determine whether it's benign or malignant, the testing is called Biopsy.

Treatment

Surgery:When the symptoms keep rising and indicates the growth of tumor and threatens to cause severe problems, then surgery becomes obligatory. It is the most preferred treatment for meningiomas, especially when the tumor becomes benign and occurs in the part where neurosurgeons can easily remove the tumor without damaging other parts, surgery is possibly remains the only option for treatment.

When the surgery becomes necessary, Craniotomywill be applied to remove the tumor by the surgeons. In this procedure, a piece of bone will be removed from the brain, so that surgeons can easily get access to the diseased part of the brain. Later, when the tumor is removed, the bone that was removed from the skull at the beginning of surgery is then fixed back to its position.

Radiation therapy: If the tumor is located in any deeper place inside the skull and appears inaccessible via surgery, after the brain scan, then Radiation therapy is preferred as the only option to shrink the size of tumor and prevent its rising growth any longer.

When the tumor is in malignant stage, radiation therapy is used to remove cancer affected cells and can also be used to treat inaccessible portions of the tumor.

The following external beam radiation therapy techniques:

  1. Conventional radiation therapy.
  2. Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT)
  3. 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy
  4. Stereotactic radiosurgery
  5. Fractionated stereotactic radiation therapy
  6. Proton radiation therapy

 

Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy deals in drugs to counter the cancer affected cells of tumor before it multiplies and extend its growth where surgery becomes necessary. Chemotherapy is given and consulted by a Medical Oncologist, an expert Doctor who aims to cure the disease and cut the growth of tumor by using proper medication. 

 

Complications

  1. Fatigue
  2. Mild skin reaction
  3. Upset stomach
  4. Neurologic symptoms

 

Long term side effects

  1. Cognitive problems
  2. Memory loss
  3. Reduce decision making efficiency
  4. Slow decline in intellectual performance

These side effects have reduced to less serious, due to enhanced technology and précised accuracy in radiation therapy.

Post operative care

After treatmentinclude rehabilitation therapy where the patient will receive recovering assistance provided by specialists. This assistance consists of physical therapy, speech therapy, occupational therapy and mental therapy.

Regular appointments with the doctor to take a close look at the cancer site ensure that the cancer won’t return.

Living a healthy life is extremely necessary for good recovery. Make sure to eat nutritious diet and do regular workouts.