Multiple Myelomas is the kind of cancer which depletes the plasma cells and very specifically white blood cells, which are the sole source for producing antibodies in our system to keep our immune system protected to various infections. In Multiple Myelomas, these plasma cells accumulate in bone marrow, where they collectively affect the generation of normal blood cells. In some very complex cases, it generates “Paraprotein” an abnormal antibody which causes kidney related problems.Unlike many other cancers, multiple myelomas arenot hereditary.
Treatment of Mutliple Myloma
Various factors such as age of the patient, genomic tests, treatments the patient undergoes before myeloma decide the treatment procedure of patient and expected recovery time. The treatment options used for the multiple myeloma treatment:
- Stem Cell Transplantation: The bone marrow with cancereous stem cells is replaced with specialized cells called as Hematopoietic which produces red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets within the bone marrow.
- Chemotherapy: Patients are treated with drugs to contain the disease. A specialist doctor which we called “Oncologist” is the only practitioner which treats cancer with medicines. Once all the infected cells are killed, we can try on to implant the healthy cells within the bone marrow.
- Radiation Therapy: In radiation therapy, the cancer cells are destroyed with high energy X-Rays. Doctor who practices radiation therapy is called as “Radiation Oncologist”. Generally, radiation therapy followed for the procedure is external beam therapy in which the X-Rays are projected from a machine outside of patient body.
- Surgery: Surgery is not the most suitable and efficient way of treating multiple myeloma, but it can relieve the symptoms of the disease.
In Multiple Myeloma, stem cells are affected, which in turn reduces the immunity of our body and catches other diseases also as a result, we get several complications related to bone, blood and kidney. Below are the complications of Multiple Myeloma:
- Bone Problems
- Kidney Failure
- Impaired immune system
Follow up care for Multiple Myenoma includes
- Regular monitoring by a haematologist or a haemat-oncologist.
- CT Scans, PET-CT Scans or X-rays may be done at regular intervals.