Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC)

Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC)

Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC)

Description

Squamous cell carcinoma is the second most familiar type of skin cancer that is generally found on parts of the body that are contaminated by ultraviolet rays from the sun. SCC can even spread to the tissues, bones, etc., where it might turn into hard to treat disease. The word "squamous" originates from squama that indicates Scales of a Fish. Therefore, this type of cancer starts to grow in squamous cells that seem beneath the microscope like fish scales.

 

Causes and Symptoms:

Below are common causes for SCC:

  1. People with very fair colour, light hair are at maximum risk of developing SCC.
  2. Anyone who is in considerable sun exposure is at an equal risk.
  3. People with blue or green eyes.
  4. Older age.
  5. Any sort of chemical exposure.
  6. Tanning beds.
  7. Inherited DNA situation.

Signs and symptoms of SCC include:

  1. SCC can generally be seen on the face, ears, neck, hands or arms.
  2. It usually starts to grow as a red scaly area of skin.
  3. Also, SCC is rough and hard & can bleed easily.
  4. A red sore inside your mouth.
  5. It begins under a nail and can destroy it.
  6. Dryness of the lips.

 

Diagnosis

The doctor will ask you to have a visit to a dermatologist. The dermatologist will inquire regarding your medical history like sunburns, tanning, any type of pain, when the spot was first appeared or any other signs you are having. You will have a physical test to confirm the size, shape, colour and surface of the spot. The dermatologist will moreover look for other spots on your body. Also, to confirm the state of SCC, the doctor will cut a part of the biopsy and send it to a laboratory for examination.

Treatment

The kind of treatment a patient draws totally depends on how profound the cancer has matured and if it has spread. SCC is frequently treated with:

  1. Excision: Cutting off the skin malignant cells and stitching the skin as one.
  2. Curettage: To treat small SCC (less than 1 cm).
  3. Mohs Surgery: Excision and inspection of excised skin through microscope.
  4. Lymph Node Surgery: Using local anesthesia, remove the piece of a lymph node.
  5. Dermabrasion: With the use of a tool, sand the affected area so as to make a way for a new layer.
  6. Cryosurgery: Liquid nitrogen helps to freeze the spot.
  7. Chemotherapy: It is done by applying a gel or a cream to the skin.
  8. Photodynamic Therapy: With the use of light, superficial cancers can be treated.
  9. Radiation Therapy: When SCC spread to the organs, then this therapy is done using X-Ray beams.

Treatment complications

These are some of the treatment complications of squamous cell carcinoma:

  • Skin irritation
  • Redness and swelling
  • Hair loss
  • Damage to saliva making glands
  • Fatigue
  • Change in taste
  • Poor appetite
  • Menstruation issues
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Skin reaction
  • Infection

Post Operative Care: Through treatment, most of the SCCs are cured, but the patient needs to take care of these simple things:

  1. To keep all follow-up schedules with the doctor.
  2. Carry out skin self-examinations.
  3. Whenever you see something on your skin that is growing or bleeding, straight away call your doctor.
  4. Try to save your skin from the sun.
  5. Put on sunscreen lotion and lip balm to avoid sunburn.
  6. Put on sunglasses to save the skin around your eyes.
  7. Keep away from playground activities during peak hour, i.e. 12 pm to 4 pm.
  8. Using condoms can avoid an HPV infection that helps to reduce the danger for attaining SCC on the genitals.
  9. Try to limit the quantity of alcohol you intake and try not to smoke.