Dentures refers to the replacement of missing teeth with the help of custom made removable false teeth made of plastic, metal and nylon. Since dentures are not the real teeth, they don’t feel exactly the same as natural teeth, however, with the advancement of technology, dentures nowadays appear more natural looking and are more comfortable than ever. It is used to fill gaps between missing teeth that may cause eating and speech difficulty, and help you provide a more natural appearance.
Types of dentures
- Partial dentures: Dentures that replaces one or a few missing teeth.
- Complete dentures: Dentures that replace the complete upper and lower teeth.
After examining your teeth thoroughly, the dentist will determine whether you require the need of dentures, and if yes, what type you would be required. If all the upper and lower teeth need to be replaced, complete dentures fill be fitted soon after removing the remaining teeth. Unlike immediate dentures, conventional dentures are placed in the mouth 3-6 weeks after removing the teeth. The dentist or a clinical dental technician will take measurements and impressions of your mouth and order a full dentures from dental technician. Once the dentures are produced, it will be placed into your mouth, however, immediate dentures do require some adjustments in order to fit properly to the gums during the healing.
In partial dentures, also known as a bridge, a gum colored plastic base attached to a metal framework holds the dentures, which is used to fix the upper or lower jaw when one or more teeth remain. After measuring the mouth and analyzing the teeth, the bridge is cemented that provides more natural looking appearance.
Dentures are typically quite safe and consist no complications at all, if performed by an experienced and trained dentist. However, there might be minor issues that arise, which are as follows:
- Early discomfort, which will go away with time
- Pain during chewing and eating, for which adjustments need to be done in next visits
- Tongue or cheek biting
- Poor appearance
- Speech problems
- Nausea and gauging
- Tingling or numbing sensation
- Increased salivation
- Sore spots
Dentures feel peculiar in the beginning and it will take some time for you to get used to it. At first, you will be required to put the dentures on all the time, even while sleeping. This will allow your gums to heal faster.
Keep your mouth clean by brushing the teeth, tongue and gums twice a day.
Clean your dentures regularly to remove food and plaque deposits to avoid tooth decay, gum disease and bad breath.
In the beginning, you will only eat soft foods gently and using both the sides of your mouth. You can resume your normal diet once you are completely comfortable using them.
You will need to frequently visit your dentists to see if there are any issues with the dentures. Dentures can last for many years if you take good care of them, however, there will a time come when they will become unfit due to shrinking of your gums. Consult your doctor immediately if you feel any kind of discomfort, pain or swelling.