Partial nephrectomy is the surgery of removing the diseased tissue from a kidney, leaving the healthy tissue in place.
The signs were seen that partial nephrectomy is strongly indicated for renal cell carcinoma in a single kidney, prolonged kidney disease, tumors that are bilateral, hereditary renal tumor and recognized diseases with imminent feature renal insufficiency.
Conventionally, partial nephrectomy is most appropriate for kidney tumors, 4cm in size that is situated on the periphery of the kidney.
In this procedure, the surgeon takes out only part of the kidney that contains cancer and leaves the rest of the organ behind.
Partial nephrectomy is now the preferred treatment for many people with early stage kidney cancer. It is normally done to eliminate single small tumors that are less than 4 cm and can be done in patients who have bigger tumors. The noticeable benefit is that the patient keeps more of their kidney function.
A partial nephrectomy may not be a choice if the tumor is very big or if there is more than one tumor in the same kidney. Not all the doctors can do this type of surgery. The surgery must only be done by someone who is experienced.
The long term complications from a nephrectomy transmit to potential problems of living less with less than two complete fully operative kidneys. The problems that may happen with long term decreased kidney function consist of high blood pressure (hypertension) and prolonged kidney disease. The other possible complications after a partial nephrectomy are leakage of urine into the abdomen.
Post Operative Care
After the procedure is over, the time of recovery and the length of the hospital stay will be determined by the patient‘s complete health and the type of nephrectomy done. The patient should presume to receive instructions before leaving the hospital about restrictions on your diet and activities. The patient may be encouraged to begin light, everyday activities as soon he \she is feeling fine, but will need to avoid vigorous activity or heavy lifting for some weeks. The patient can ask the doctor some questions like:
- Was the doctor able to remove all the carcinogenic or contaminated tissue?
- How much of the kidney was removed?
- Will the patient require any treatments if cancer has spread to other organs?
- How often will the kidney function need to be observed?
Monitoring the kidney function is important and the patient is possible to have checkups to observe the following factors that are connected to kidney function. They are blood pressure and protein urine levels. Cautious checking of blood pressure is essential so that the reduced kidney function can increase blood pressure. High protein urine levels may direct kidney damage and poor kidney function. After a partial nephrectomy, the patient may have a completely normal kidney function. In order to preserve normal kidney function, the doctor may suggest that the patient eats a healthy diet, takes part in the daily physical activity and attends regular checkups to observe kidney health.