Brain surgery or craniotomy is a procedure to remove brain tumor, drain blood from the brain as the case may be. The surgeon makes a surgical cut on the scalp. The hair on that part is shaved and the area is cleaned. The cut on the scalp depends on the area where problem occurs.
The surgeon removes a bone flap and creates a hole in the skull after that surgeon inserts an endoscope (it’s a tube with a light and camera on the end). With the help or MRI or CT scan doctors can see clearly and remove the tumor if required. This procedure is called craniotomy.
The three types of craniotomy are :
- Traditional Craniotomy: In this procedure the bone flap or part of the skull is removed and once the surgery is complete it is put back in its place.
- Burr hole: In this procedure a very small hole is made in the area where problem occurs.
- Stereotaxy: In stereotaxy, surgeon can see the inside picture of the brain by using computer.
During surgery the surgeon remove abnormal brain tissue, drain blood or an infection, free a nerve, remove tumor and to prevent blood flow clip off an aneurysm.
If there is a tumor, infection or if the brain was swollen then the surgeon will not put back the bone flap. The bone flap is replaced after surgery by using wire, metal plates or stitches.
Craniotomy or brain surgery in India is offered at some of the hospitals specializing in neurosurgery.
Cost of brain surgery in India usually varies between US$ 6500- US$ 12000, depending upon procedure and specific medical condition of the patient.
Complication of brain surgery depends upon the type of surgery performed. Complications may include:
- Problem with memory (thinking, speech or behavior)
- Damage to the brain tissue or it can cause disabilities like deafness, blindness, double vision, seizures, paralysis, problem balancing, or bowel and bladder problems.
Post Operative care
After surgery your doctor will suggest you for some physical . occupational and speech therapy, which can improve your speech, strength and the ability to do activities of daily living.
Below mention are certain activities which patients should avoid:
- Drinking alcoholic beverages
- Driving, lifting any thing heavier or some household work such as washing machine, dishwasher, vacuuming, ironing etc.
Sitting for long periods of time
Contact your doctor immediately if you have the following problems.
- Redness, swelling
- Temperature above 101°F
- At the incision site if you have pain along with drainage
- • Nausea
- Any change in your mental status
- Increased pain and are not controlled with pain medicine
Weakness, neck pain and undue stiffness are also reasons for concern