Orthopedics

Spine surgery

Description

Spine surgery is the last option for treatment of back pain unrelieved with traditional treatments like icing, body massage, physical therapy or pain relief drugs. Some spinal surgery options are simply invasive and allows the patient for fast healing, but some options are more extensive.

The most functional methods of spine surgery are as follows:

  • Discectomy or Microdiscectomy: In this method, a small part of the bone is removed over the nerve root to relieve neural impingement and provide more space for the nerve to recover. Microdiscectomy is a MISS procedure.
  • Laminectomy: In this method, a thin bone plate will be removed from the back of Laminae to provide space within the spinal canal and relieve pressure.
  • Spinal Fusion: In this method, spinal surgery is designed to prevent the movements at an aching vertebral segment, this technique used to combine two vertebrae. Thus, it reduces the pain produced from the joints.
  • Laminotomy: In this method, a small segment of vertebral arch is removed, which basically surrounds the spinal cord. Thus, it requires less removal of bone than Laminectomy.
  • Disc replacement: Disc replacement is a substitute to the spinal fusion method. The injured disc is restored with an artificial disc.

Spine Surgery Treatment Procedure

Whether MISS surgery, decompression or open surgery, surgeons access the spine through different portions. Most of the surgeries can be performed through Open surgery method, in which a huge portion of operative site to get access and view to the spinal structure. However, the technology has advanced enough which gave opportunities to treat spinal injuries with minimum invasive techniques. MISS, in this method, long incision or open surgery isn’t required, so the complications also reduce to minimum stage.

Complications of Spinal surgery

Most of the people who go through spinal surgery have no or less complications after the operation, whether the procedure includes open surgery or MISS. But all surgical methods include a small amount of risks, most of them are very general in any kind of surgery.

  1. Reaction to Anesthesia or other drugs.
  2. Bleeding
  3. Infection
  4. Blood clots, for example, in lungs or legs
  5. Heart attack
  6. Stroke
  7. Recurrent disc herniation
  8. Nerve damage, which can cause weakness, spinal cord injury, persistent pain, paralysis, sexual dysfunction, transitional syndrome, etc.
  9. Long time consumption of narcotic materials before surgery.

Post operative care

A long time healing of spinal injuries after the surgery, makes it’s post operative care more significant. One should ignore factors that can cause negative impact on healing course and operative achievements of the surgery like smoking, obesity, osteoporosis, malnutrition, post surgery activities, depression, etc. At least, 4 to 5 day stay at the hospital is considered after the surgery. The patient must attempt to walk on their own inside the hospital premises to get more structural rehabilitation before discharging the hospital.